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技術探索

5G小型基地台關鍵元件與平台之探索

中文摘要

因應第五代行動通訊技術標準(The Fifth Generation Mobile Communication Technology Standard;5G)之高資料傳輸率(Data Rate)與高頻寬(Bandwidth)需求,且資料傳輸率在次6GHz(sub-6GHz)頻段至少要達到1Gbps,傳統工研院所開發LTE/LTE-Advanced小型基地台(Small Cell)之TI DSP硬體平台架構(Hardware Platform Architecture)已經無法符合上述需求目標;為了針對5G行動通訊技術之硬體平台架構進行分析與討論,本篇論文首先將第三代合作夥伴計劃(3rd Generation Partnership Project;3GPP)組織所討論之未來5G行動通訊標準趨勢進行介紹,並將其中可能之關鍵元件進行資源需求分析,最後再針對各種關鍵元件之需求進行整體考量並提出可能得硬體平台(Hardware Platform)架構,此外亦分析此硬體平台之成本(Cost)與功率消耗(Power Consumption)。

Abstract

In the fifth generation mobile communication technology standard (5G), the requirements of data rate and bandwidth are very high. Additionally, the data rate must be up to 1Gbps under sub-6GHz transmission. Due to the above high requirements, the traditional 4G small cell using TI-based hardware platform architecture developed by ITRI cannot meet the final target. To give analysis and discussion of hardware platform architecture for 5G mobile communication, this paper first overviews the future 5G mobile communication standard discussed by 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) organization. Furthermore, the resource requirements for possible key components in 5G standard are also analyzed. Finally, by considering the overall requirements of key components, the possible hardware platform architecture is proposed and related cost and power consumption are also analyzed.

關鍵詞(Key Words)

長期演進技術(Long Term Evolution;LTE)
第五代行動通訊(The Fifth Generation Mobile Communication)
行動通訊(Mobile Communication)
小型基地台(Small Cell)
硬體平台(Hardware Platform)
架構探索(Architecture Exploration)
通道編碼(Channel Coding)
快速傅利葉轉換(Fast Fourier Transform, FFT)

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