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技術探索

結合車間通訊之先進駕駛輔助系統應用

中文摘要

先進駕駛輔助系統(Advanced Driver Assistance Systems, ADAS)是近年來全球各大車廠積極發展的智慧車輛技術之一,為了將來達到無人駕駛智慧車輛的技術進階過程,車間通訊技術(Vehicle-to-Everything, V2X)亦快速升溫。各國政策之推行亦驅動ADAS與V2X需求成長,2014年2月3日美國交通部國家公路交通安全管理局宣布正式啟動立法程序,並於8月18日發布法規制定預告,屆時將強制小型車輛安裝車對車(Vehicle-to-Vehicle, V2V)通訊設備與系統,其中安全與隱私議題特別受到重視,故美國交通部同步發展安全憑證管理系統以解決安全與隱私問題,同時,今年美國政府宣布自2022年9月1日起,將自動緊急煞車系統(Autonomous Emergency Braking, AEB)列為新車標準配備。本研究主要以車間通訊技術作為出發點,針對歐美政策發展近況、車間通訊發展與安全標準制定介紹,同時輔以國內目前ADAS與V2X之整合應用之研發進行說明。

Abstract

Global automakers actively develop Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) of intelligent vehicles in recent years. To achieve autonomous cars, Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) communication technology developed rapidly. National policies also promote the growth of ADAS and V2X demand. February 3, 2014, the U.S. Department of Transportation’s (DOT) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) announced that it will begin taking steps to enable Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) communication technology for light vehicles, and launched Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) on August 18. However, security and privacy issues are raised in V2V communications. USDOT developed security credential management system for establishing trust among vehicles, which is necessary for safety applications based on V2V communications. This year, the U.S. government announced that from September 1, 2022, the Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB) will be as a standard feature on all new cars. Therefore, this study will take V2X communication technology as a starting point for policy developments in Europe and U.S., and will describe the V2X communication technology, applications, international standards, and developments in Taiwan.

關鍵詞(Key Words)

先進駕駛輔助系統(Advanced Driver Assistance Systems;ADAS)
車間通訊技術(Vehicle-to-Everything;V2X)
智慧型運輸系統(Intelligent Transportation Systems;ITS)
車對車(Vehicle-to-Vehicle;V2V)
擬定法規制定預告(Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking;ANPRM)

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